California — The name California is believed to have come from a 16th century Spanish novel about a mythical land inhabited by Amazons and ruled by the beautiful black queen Calafia. The first official mention of California was a July 2, 1542, entry in the diary of Juan Cabrillo as his ship lay at anchor off the coast of Baja California. The term was later applied to Alta California, which became the present state of California on September 9, 1850.
The Great Seal — The design for the Great Seal was adopted at the Constitutional Convention of 1848. Under thirty-one stars, Minerva, Roman goddess of arts, sciences, and wisdom in war and peace, keeps watch over a tableau depicting industry, commerce, agriculture, mining, and the grandeur of nature. Like the political birth of our State, Minerva was born full grown from the brain of Jupiter, father of the gods and guardian of law and order. The grizzly bear at her feet, independent and formidable, symbolizes California.
State Animal — The California Grizzly Bear, depicted on the Great Seal and the State Flag, became the official State Animal in 1953. Now extinct, the California Grizzly Bear was a particularly large, fierce and powerful animal that thrived in the great valleys and low mountains of the state. The last living specimen was shot in Tulare County in 1922. A bear frequently symbolizes California in political cartoons.
State Bird — The California Quail, also known as the valley quail, became the official State Bird in 1931. Plump, gray-colored and smaller than a pigeon, the California quail has a downward-curving black plume on top of its head and a black bib with a white stripe under its beak. They are known for their hardiness and adaptability.
State Colors — The official colors of the state are blue and gold—Yale blue and golden yellow. These are also the colors of the University of California.
State Dance and Folk Dance — West Coast Swing Dancing, which originated in California and is danced in competition nationally and internationally, is the State Dance, and the Square Dance is the official State Folk Dance.
State Fife and Drum Band — The California Consolidated Drum Band was designated as the official State Fife and Drum Corps in 1997.
State Fish — The California Golden Trout is native to no other state and became the official State Fish in 1947. Closely related to the rainbow trout, it was originally found only in the icy streams of the Kern Plateau in the southern Sierra Nevada, south of Mount Whitney.
State Flag — The Bear Flag was raised on June 14, 1846, by American settlers in Sonoma during an uprising against the Mexican government. Although the so-called "California Republic" was short lived, its flag became a romantic symbol of independence and was adopted as the State Flag by the Legislature in 1911.
State Flower — The Golden Poppy, which can be found blooming somewhere in California during every part of the year, became the State Flower in 1903. April 6 is designated California Poppy Day. California Indians valued the poppy as a food source and for the oil extracted from the plant. Also known as the flame flower, the poppy grows wild throughout California.
State Fossil — The Saber-Toothed Cat, adopted as State Fossil by the Legislature in 1973, was a powerful, tiger-sized carnivore with 8-inch fangs. Common in California 40 million years ago, it hunted thick-skinned animals such as mastodons.
State Gemstone — Benitoite was designated as the official State Gemstone in 1985. It is sometimes called the "blue diamond."
State Gold Rush Ghost Town — Bodie, in Mono County, was designated the official State Gold Rush Ghost Town by the Legislature in 2002.
State Grass — In 2004, Nassella Pulchra or Purple Needlegrass as it is commonly known, is the most extensive and widespread native perennial bunchgrass found in the state, with a range extending from the Oregon border into northern Baja California and as a symbol of the heritage, splendor, and natural diversity found in the early days of California.
State Insect — The California Dog-face Butterfly, found nowhere outside this state, became the State Insect in 1972. Its wings are an iridescent bluish-black, orange and sulfur-yellow in color.
State Marine Fish — In 1995, the Legislature acted to protect the garibaldi by placing a moratorium on commercial collection until the year 2002: it was also named the official State Marine Fish at that time.
State Marine Mammal — The California Gray Whale was designated the State Marine Mammal in 1975: specimens can grow 30 to 50 feet long and weigh up to 40 tons.
State Military Museum In 2004, The California State Military Museum and Resource Center is the official state military museum.
State Mineral — Native Gold is the official State Mineral and was so designated in 1965. This state has produced more gold than any other in the Union, and it can still be panned from her streambeds.