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Relocation by Race

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On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which allowed the War Department to remove persons it considered potentially dangerous from military areas. The order was aimed particularly at those of Japanese ancestry. This incarceration remains one of the most controversial events of World War II. While many whites on the West Coast justified the internment on the basis of military necessity, a few saw it as the culmination of decades of racism and discrimination against Japanese. They pointed out the hypocrisy of a nation at war to free oppressed peoples abroad imprisoning its own citizens.

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No Yellow-Belly Japs, Wanted In Our California

Anti-Japanese fever ran high in California, especially during the early years of the war.

C. E. Order 101, Western Defense Command and Fourth Army

Over the spring and summer of 1942, the federal government ordered persons of Japanese ancestry living in Pacific Coastal regions to assembly centers, preparatory to incarceration in internment camps.

Tulare News

Democracy Demands, Fair Play For America's Japanese

At assembly centers, such as Tulare, evacuees attempted to maintain as normal a life as possible, even publishing center newspapers.

Nisei in Uniform

Despite internment, many Nisei (American-born Japanese) from California volunteered for the armed services. Their units were among the most highly decorated during World War II.

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