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Road to Statehood
The Tumultuous Journey to September 9, 1850 

California Becomes A State

Documents from the Spanish & Mexican Periods

Link to 1849 California Constitution

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California was transformed from the northernmost province of Mexico to the 31st state of the United States in little more than four years. What had been a quiet and obscure backwater became the focus of world attention because of the Gold Rush, and the effects of the change on California are still being felt.

Here we present a narrative recounting of the establishment of California state government, and transcriptions of selected key documents that illuminate life under Mexico during this period of change.

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