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California Becomes a State: 1846 - 1850

Level 1 Questions
  1. Between 1846 and 1848 the United States fought a war with:
    1. Mexico
    2. Great Britain
    3. Spain
    4. Japan

  2. The President of the United States during the conquest of California was:
    1. James K. Polk
    2. James Madison
    3. Woodrow Wilson
    4. Richard Nixon

  3. Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft was very interested in obtaining California for the United States. Which of these factors might have prompted Bancroft to desire California?
    1. California has lots of tall pine trees with which to make ship masts out of.
    2. California was full of Native Americans who could have been recruited as sailors for the Navy.
    3. San Francisco Bay, Monterey Bay and San Diego Bay all could be used as naval bases.
    4. California was full of precious gold.

  4. The movement in which a handful of armed American settlers proclaimed California's independence from Mexico was called:
    1. The California Rising
    2. The Bear Flag Revolt
    3. Free California!
    4. Liberty or Death Movement

  5. California became a state in which year?
    1. 1848
    2. 1849
    3. 1850
    4. 1851
Level 2 Questions
  1. The fleet that sailed into Monterey Bay and proclaimed that California was henceforth part of the United States was commanded by:
    1. General Stephen Kearny
    2. James K. Polk
    3. Commodore Thomas Sloat
    4. Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft

  2. A United States Army officer who was in California at prior to the war, and led a large force of irregular troops against the Californios was:
    1. Lieutenant Ulysses S. Grant
    2. Commodore Robert Field Stockton
    3. Captain John C. Fremont
    4. Lieutenant Archibald Gillespie

  3. A calvary force which arrived in California after capturing Santa Fe in 1847 was commanded by:
    1. General Stephen Watts Kearny
    2. Major John C. Fremont
    3. Lieutenant Archibald Gillespe
    4. Commodore Robert Field Stockton

  4. The Conquest of California:
    1. Was one of the bloodiest events of the Mexican American war.
    2. Was a sideshow when compared to the campaigns of Taylor and Scott in Mexico
    3. Involved the better part of the American army
    4. Was achieved without violent Mexican opposition

  5. Which of the following Battles did NOT take place in California?
    1. The Battle of Los Angeles
    2. The Battle of Buena Vista
    3. The Battle of San Pascual
    4. The Battle of the "Old Woman's Gun"

  6. The Mexican American War was ended with the signing of:
    1. The Treaty of Versailles
    2. The Treaty of Mexico City
    3. The Treaty of Paris
    4. The Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo
Level 3 Questions

  1. In the peace agreement, Mexico sold the United States the territories containing California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Nevada. How much did the US pay for this massive swatch of land?
    1. 1 billion dollars
    2. 100 million dollars
    3. 15 million dollars
    4. Absolutely nothing; the U.S. had won the war and now Mexico was forced to cede the territory

  2. In his 1849 State of the Union Speech, President Polk announced that:
    1. California was a great place to live, work and play.
    2. There was gold to be found in California
    3. California was to be welcomed as the next state in the Union.
    4. He planned to retire to California after his term in office was up.

  3. California never was...
    1. Organized as a Territory
    2. Occupied by American troops
    3. Allowed to write its own State Constitution
    4. the recipient of a massive flood of immigration

  4. Southerners in Congress initially did not want California to become a state because:
    1. They thought it should be organized into a formal territory first.
    2. The believed that California should be returned to Mexico
    3. They deplored the violence and rowdiness of the 49ers
    4. The entrance of a free California would tip the balance of Free States and Slave States against the Slave states.

  5. The drawn out Congressional process by which California was be admitted as a Free State is referred to as:
    1. The Compromise of 1850
    2. The Missouri Compromise
    3. The California Omnibus Bill
    4. California Statehood Acts

  6. What were given to Southern Congressmen in exchange for the admittance of California as a Free State?
    1. Nothing
    2. A tough Fugitive Slave Law
    3. The potential for slavery in New Mexico territory.
    4. B and C are correct

  7. California's first legislature was referred to as:
    1. The Legislature of 1000 Drinks
    2. The Bad Legislature
    3. Rough and Ready Legislature
    4. The Greatest Legislature

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