Level 1 Questions
- Under the Mexican government California was:
- A poorly managed, semi-independent department.
- A flourishing, prosperous province
- An important military base
- A bread basket of agricultural products.
- The economy of California in the 1820s and 1830s centered around:
- Wine production
- Wheat growing
- The hide and tallow trade
- The primary unit of production in Mexican California was:
- The Factory
- The Rancho
- Small farm plots
- The Plantation
- The primary source of manufactured goods in Mexican California was:
- The Eastern Seaboard of the United States
- Factories in California
- Most of the land in California between 1821 and 1846 was owned by:
- Indian farmers who managed their small plots
- Wealthy ranchers, who managed enormous rancheros with the help of Indian labor
- The Missions
- American settlers
- One could get huge amounts of land in Mexican California by:
- Purchasing it from the government.
- Receiving a land grant from the government
- There was precious little land to be had in Mexican California.
- In 1839, John Sutter established a settlement in what is now the city of:
- San Francisco
- Santa Barbara
Level 2 Questions
A N S W E R S
- Under Mexican rule the California missions:
- Continued their operations
- Had their landholdings seized and divided.
- Where destroyed by Mexican troops
- Were taken over by the Jesuit order
- American settlers crossing into California were:
- Welcomed by Mexican authorities
- Considered dangerous illegal immigrants
- Encouraged to remain Protestants so as to give California greater religious diversity
- Hunted down and executed by Mexican troops
- An ill fated band of American settlers, trapped in the Sierra during the winter of 1946-47 and forced to resort to cannibalism to survive was:
- The Donner Party
- The Lewis and Clark Expedition
- The Reed Party
- The Kearny Expedition
- The Mexican defenses in California in 1846 were:
- Excellent, with large bodies of troops and well fortified garrisons dominating the countryside
- Based on dedicated militia forces
- In a state of decline, but still formidable
- Truly decrepit; the guns in the San Francisco Presidio had been cast in the 1600s.
- What did Commodore Thomas ap Catsby-Jones do at Monterey in 1842?
- Capture and occupy the town, under the false assumption that the United States and Mexico were at war.
- Promise the Mexicans that the United States had no aspirations for California
- Cause a scandal by eloping with the daughter of a prominent Mexican official
- Observe in his diary that California is a great place to live, work and play.
- What was the extent of Mexican control over the Department of California?
- Draconian, with Mexican officials closely regulating the everyday lives of Californios.
- A strong central government exerted significant local autonomy.
- A federal arraignment existed that allowed the territory significant autonomy, except in the realm of foreign affairs.
- Almost non-existent, with the Californios repeatedly rebelling against unpopular governors, and the Mexican government neither able or willing to enforce its will upon the region.