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Ward v. Flood, California Supreme Court (1872)
Offline Student Instructions 

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The parents of an eleven-year-old student, Mary Frances Ward, of African descent applied to have their daughter attend the local elementary school, Broadway Grammar School, in San Francisco. The principal, Noah F. Flood, denied her attendance, because there was a separate school provided for colored students. Mary’s parents, A. J. and Harriet Ward, sued various school administrators demanding that she be admitted to the school.

For this activity, all students involved in this case will be looking at the court's decision. From that decision, students will determine what arguments each side might have used to convince the court. The third group will take the role of the judges and develop a list of questions the judges would need answered to be able to make this decision. When each group has finished, the judges will ask those questions of the plaintiff and defendants and then read their decision.

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