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Native California

Level 1 Questions
  1. The first inhabitants of California where descendants of the:
    1. Siberians who crossed over the Bearing Strait during the last ice age.
    2. Polynesians who rowed to California
    3. Peoples who have always lived in the area
    4. Refugees from the Aztec conquests in Mexico
  2. People probably entered California in roughly
    1. 12,000 BC
    2. 5,000 BC
    3. 100 AD
    4. 1,000 AD
  3. Which of these was NOT a means by which Indians living in the Central Valley obtained food:
    1. Hunting and fishing
    2. Gathering
    3. Trading
    4. Agriculture
  4. Which of the following was not part of the material culture of the California Indians prior to contact with Europeans?
    1. Iron spearheads
    2. Obsidian arrowheads
    3. Tule Boats
    4. Waterproof baskets
  5. Ishi was:
    1. A powerful and influential chief
    2. The last living member of the Yahi tribe
    3. A mission convert who urged Indians to adopt European customs.
    4. All of the above
  6. The primary source of calories for Central Valley Tribes was:
    1. deer flesh
    2. acorns
    3. berries
    4. fish
  7. What event dramatically impacted the lifestyles of the California Indians?
    1. The arrival of the Spanish
    2. The Mexican Revolution
    3. The discovery of gold
    4. All of the above
Level 2 Questions
  1. In which of the following regions did California Indians practice horticulture/agriculture.
    1. Northwest Coast
    2. Central Valley
    3. Along the Colorado River
    4. Sierra Nevada Mountains
  2. Which of the following is NOT a California Indian tribe?
    1. Miwok
    2. Maidu
    3. Yana
    4. Sioux
  3. A major source of protein for the Coastal tribes living in the northwest part of the state would have been:
    1. Acorns
    2. Deer flesh
    3. Insects
    4. Salmon
Level 3 Questions
  1. The government system of most California Indian Tribes can best be describes as:
    1. A monarchy headed by powerful chiefs
    2. A democracy where leaders where elected
    3. A theocracy ruled by powerful priests
    4. A matriarchy were women controlled the affairs of the collective
    5. An egalitarian society where rights and obligations were determined by kinship.
  2. When studying the California Indians, a tribe is defined as:
    1. A group of people who live in the same village
    2. A group of people who speak the same language and share common customs
    3. A group of people who all hail allegiance to a single chief
    4. A collection of bands joined through a military alliance.
    5. People who all live in the same village.
  3. In general the Natives of the Central Valley:
    1. Seldom engaged in warfare
    2. Went on frequent raids against neighbors
    3. Were fierce warriors
    4. Engaged in warfare for take prisoners to sacrifice.
  4. One of the reasons why agriculture failed to develop in the Central Valley was:
    1. Food was so readily available that there was little reason to devote the time and effort to agriculture.
    2. Oak trees are difficult to domesticate.
    3. The Indians in the Central Valley did not have immediate access to knowledge of agricultural techniques.
    4. All of the above are correct.
  5. The initial California Indian population, prior to contact with Europeans, is estimated at:
    1. 3 million
    2. 300,000
    3. 30,000
    4. 3000
  6. By 1870, the California Indian population numbered:
    1. 3 million
    2. 300,000
    3. 30,000
    4. 3000
  7. The dramatic decline of the California Indian population was caused by:
    1. European diseases
    2. A program of genocide
    3. Declining birthrates due to a disrupted way of life
    4. A and C are correct.
    5. All of the above

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