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California's Early 20th Century Candidates
 

<- Nineteenth Century Elections

Gears and Levers ->


When Theodore Roosevelt ran for a third term as president in 1912, he asked California's Governor Hiram Johnson to join him on the Progressive Party ticket. While Democrat Woodrow Wilson ultimately won the presidency, the Roosevelt-Johnson duo received more votes in the Electoral College (including California’s votes) than Republican incumbent President William H. Taft.

William Gibbs McAdoo was vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee in 1912, served as Secretary of the Treasury (1913-1918), and married President Wilson's daughter, Eleanor, in 1914. McAdoo ran twice for the Democratic nomination for president, losing to James M. Cox in 1920 and to John W. Davis in 1924, even though in both years he led on the first ballot. McAdoo moved from New York to California in 1922, and he later served as U.S. Senator for California (1933-1938).

Californians Herbert Hoover and Hiram Johnson attempted to win the 1920 Republican nomination, but delegates instead selected William G. Harding, who was subsequently elected president. Johnson tried again in 1924 but he failed to win the Republican nomination. Instead, Johnson enjoyed a long career in the U.S. Senate (1917-1945). Herbert Hoover became the first California resident elected president. He defeated his Democratic challenger, Al Smith, by a large margin.


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Progressive Party Certificate

Progressive Party Certificate

Progressive Party, Certificate, 1912

General Ephemera Collection, Accession 97-11-18 (001), California State Archives


Hiram Johnson, Campaign Button, circa 1912

Hiram Johnson, Campaign Button, circa 1912

Hal Griffin Collection, Accession 97-01-05 (057), California State Archives


McAdoo for U.S. Senator, Broadside, 1932.

McAdoo for U.S. Senator, Broadside, 1932

General Ephemera Collection, Accession 96-09-20 (011), California State Archives


Smith for President, Campaign Button, reproduction, undated

Smith for President, Campaign Button, reproduction.

General Ephemera Collection, Accession 97-01-05 (014), California State Archives


Certificate of Nominations for Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis, 1928

Certificate of Nominations for Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis, 1928

Certificate of Nominations for Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis, 1928

Secretary of State, Elections Division Records, California State Archives


Hoover's Human Relations Pamphlet

Hoover the Man Pamphlet

Hoover Master Pamphlet

Hoover Orphaned Pamphlet

Herbert Hoover Pamphlets, 1928

Harry L. Englebright Congressional Papers, Subject Files, Accession 69-70, California State Archives



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