Learn California.org
Home Visit the Students section Visit the Teachers section Visit the Research California section Visit the Sitemap
Keyword Search

Refugees
 

<= Response

Recovery and Reform =>


As flames ravaged much of San Francisco, authorities had to care for the people made homeless by earthquake and fire. Within hours, military and civilian agencies had set up soup kitchens, field hospitals and supply distribution centers. Available rations quickly ran out, but additional supplies arrived from Los Angeles by midnight of the 18th. More aid would be sent from as far away as Washington and Pennsylvania. Parks became campgrounds as refugees erected makeshift shelters or pitched tents supplied by the Army. While embers cooled across town, housing was constructed for the long-term dispossessed. It would be months before many San Franciscans could reclaim or rebuild their homes.
Click on a thumbnail to view an enlarged copy of the image, then click on the BACK button to return to this page.

Many businessmen and women stepped forward to assist in the 1906 relief effort. Banker James Rolph, Jr. organized the Mission Relief Committee to aid refugees. Six years later he was elected mayor of San Francisco, a position he would hold for nineteen years before becoming California's twenty-seventh governor.

Many businessmen and women stepped forward to assist in the 1906 relief effort. Banker James Rolph, Jr. organized the Mission Relief Committee to aid refugees. Six years later he was elected mayor of San Francisco, a position he would hold for nineteen years before becoming California's twenty-seventh governor.

A park on Jefferson Street became an impromptu refugee camp.

A park on Jefferson Street became an impromptu refugee camp.

Agreement form from the Army to provide meal service at relief camps. Persons desiring a “proper meal” had to pay ten cents or obtain a meal ticket from a relief agency.

Agreement form from the Army to provide meal service at relief camps. Persons desiring a "proper meal" had to pay ten cents or obtain a meal ticket from a relief agency.

A shack in an Italian neighborhood refugee camp

A shack in an Italian neighborhood refugee camp.

By May 1, the scattered relief efforts in San Francisco had been consolidated. “Luxuries,” such as butter and vegetables, were being rationed. Persons with means were urged to buy goods to ease the draw on relief stores and help get the city's economy going again.

By May 1, the scattered relief efforts in San Francisco had been consolidated. “Luxuries,” such as butter and vegetables, were being rationed. Persons with means were urged to buy goods to ease the draw on relief stores and help get the city's economy going again.

By May 1, the scattered relief efforts in San Francisco had been consolidated. "Luxuries," such as butter and vegetables, were being rationed. Persons with means were urged to buy goods to ease the draw on relief stores and help get the city's economy going again.

The experience of California Attorney General U.S. Webb was repeated by hundreds of San Francisco businessmen and government officials in the aftermath of the earthquake and fire.

The experience of California Attorney General U.S. Webb was repeated by hundreds of San Francisco businessmen and government officials in the aftermath of the earthquake and fire.

Hastily constructed and inexpensive wooden refugee quarters housed displaced San Franciscans for many months. Later these buildings were sold, and only a handful survive today.

Hastily constructed and inexpensive wooden refugee quarters housed displaced San Franciscans for many months. Later these buildings were sold, and only a handful survive today.



Go to Response
Go to Recovery and Reform


Copyright ©2000-2009 LearnCalifornia.org. All rights reserved.